Australia is located on the southern hemisphere. ln land area, Australia is the sixth largest nation after Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America and Brazil.
The Australian federation consists of six States and two Territories. It has, however, a relatively small population. It has the Pacific Ocean to the east and the India Ocean to the west. It has a large number of islands around. The territory is about 769.2 square kilometres. It has a population of over 24 million and 74.2% of them are the descendant of English and Irish. Most of its population live on the southeast coast. Canberra is the capital of Australia, and Sydney is the biggest city.
Australia has profuse natural resource and developed travel industry. Millions of tourists come here every year.
Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth. Its interior has one of the lowest rainfalls in the world and about three-quarters of the land is arid or semi-arid. Its fertile areas are well-watered, however, and these are used very effectively to help feed the world.
Australia has a remarkable diversity of life forms seen nowhere else in the world. Australian plants and animals evolved in isolation from other parts of the world. When the supercontinent of Gondwanaland split up about 160 million years ago, Australia joined Antarctica and drifted towards the South Pole, where glaciers formed a barrier between it and other land masses. Over the past 45 million years, Australia has moved away from Antarctica towards the equator and become warmer.